Process module:System -package:unix -package:base -package:Win32 -package:clock

Operations for creating and interacting with sub-processes.
A module adapting the functions from System.Process to work with io-streams.
A running process. The three type parameters provide the type of the standard input, standard output, and standard error streams. To interact with a Process use the functions from the section Interact with a process.
Process a list of flags (usually obtained from getArgs/expandArgsAt) with a mode. Returns Left and an error message if the command line fails to parse, or Right and the associated value.
A handle to a process, which can be used to wait for termination of the process using waitForProcess. None of the process-creation functions in this library wait for termination: they all return a ProcessHandle which may be used to wait for the process later. On Windows a second wait method can be used to block for event completion. This requires two handles. A process job handle and a events handle to monitor.
CPU options impacting cryptography implementation and library performance.
An abstract configuration for a process, which can then be launched into an actual running Process. Takes three type parameters, providing the types of standard input, standard output, and standard error, respectively. There are three ways to construct a value of this type:
  • With the proc smart constructor, which takes a command name and a list of arguments.
  • With the shell smart constructor, which takes a shell string
  • With the IsString instance via OverloadedStrings. If you provide it a string with no spaces (e.g., "date"), it will treat it as a raw command with no arguments (e.g., proc "date" []). If it has spaces, it will use shell.
In all cases, the default for all three streams is to inherit the streams from the parent process. For other settings, see the setters below for default values. Once you have a ProcessConfig you can launch a process from it using the functions in the section Launch a process.
This will always come first, before any output or exit code.
see PROCID; fetch via getProcessId
Convenient data type with associated optics + isos for working with the output of a createProcess call.
A convenient handler for the output of a createProcess call. This data containes 4 components:
Convenient data type with associated optics + isos for working with the output of a createProcess call.
A convenient handler for the output of a createProcess call.
Process the flags obtained by getArgs and expandArgsAt with a mode. Displays an error and exits with failure if the command line fails to parse, or returns the associated value. Implemented in terms of process. This function makes use of the following environment variables:
  • $CMDARGS_COMPLETE - causes the program to produce completions using complete, then exit. Completions are based on the result of getArgs, the index of the current argument is taken from $CMDARGS_COMPLETE (set it to - to complete the last argument), and the index within that argument is taken from $CMDARGS_COMPLETE_POS (if set).
  • $CMDARGS_HELPER/$CMDARGS_HELPER_PROG - uses the helper mechanism for entering command line programs as described in System.Console.CmdArgs.Helper.
Process a list of flags (usually obtained from getArgs and expandArgsAt) with a mode. Throws an error if the command line fails to parse, or returns the associated value. Implemeneted in terms of process. This function does not take account of any environment variables that may be set (see processArgs). If you are in IO you will probably get a better user experience by calling processValueIO.